Artículos Recuperación Muscular

Masaje y Recuperación del rendimiento: Meta-análisis

Introducción

Los masajes post ejercicio es una de las intervenciones más frecuentemente aplicadas para mejorar la recuperación de los atletas . Sin embargo , la evidencia para apoyar la eficacia del masaje para la recuperación del rendimiento posterior es escaso. Por otra parte, aún no se ha llegado a la conclusión clara, respecto a las condiciones de su aplicación y cuales son mas eficaces.

Estudio

El objetivo de este estudio fue realizar una revisión sistemática y un meta-análisis de la literatura disponible actual (2016) Sports Medicine , Volume 46, Issue 2 sobre el masaje para la recuperación del rendimiento.

Método

Se realizó una búsqueda bibliográfica estructurada que situó a 22 ensayos controlados aleatorios . Estos fueron analizados con respecto a los efectos en el rendimiento y las diversas características del diseño del estudio ( tipo y duración del masaje, tipo de ejercicio y prueba de rendimiento, a la vez estudiarón la duración del período de recuperación , y el nivel de entrenamiento de los sujetos atletas).

Resultados

De los 22 estudios, se encontró que el masaje más corto ( 5-12 min) parece tener mayores efectos ( + 6,6 % , g = 0,34 ) que el masaje que duró más de 12 min ( + 1,0 % , g = 0,06 ) . Los efectos fueron mayores para la recuperación a corto plazo de hasta 10 minutos ( + 7,9 % , g = 0,45 ) que para los períodos de recuperación de más de 20 min ( + 2,4 % , g = 0,08) . Aunque en el ejercicio mixto, el masaje produjo efectos positivos ( + 14,4 % , g = 0,61 ) , en el ejercicio de fuerza ( + 3,9 % , g = 0,18 ) y el ejercicio de resistencia ( + 1,3 % , g = 0,12 ) fueron menores. Además, se encontró una tendencia bastante curiosa, y era la de que los sujetos no entrenados se beneficiaban ( + 6,5 % , g = 0,23 ) mas que los atletas profesionales ( + 2,3 % , g = 0,17 ).

Conclusión

Los efectos del masaje sobre la recuperación de rendimiento en datos analizados son bastante pequeños y en parte poco claros, pero puede ser relevante en las circunstancias adecuadas (recuperación a corto plazo, como puede ser en mitad de un evento deportivo). Sin embargo, sigue siendo cuestionable si los efectos examinados en los 22 estudios que son bastante limitados justifican el uso generalizado del masaje como una intervención de recuperación para los deportistas de competición, es un fenómeno que requiere de más investigación.

Entrada anterior relacionada 

Aquí dejo las tablas según tipo de adaptación:

Endurance performance:

 

Study Subjects (male/ female) Exercise to provoke exhaustion Time between exercise and massage Massage intervention Time between massage and post-test Performance measurement Pre-test score (mean ± standard deviation) Post-test score (mean ± standard deviation) Effects
Lane and Wenger, 2004 [45] 10 (10/0),

active

Endurance:

18 min intermittent cycling sprint

0 min 15 min manual massage (legs), registered massage therapist 24 h Endurance:

Work during 18 min intermittent cycling sprint

Baseline:

MAS: 105.8 ± 16.8 kJ

CON: 108.1 ± 17.1 kJ

Post 24 h:

MAS: 104.8 ± 16.1 kJ

CON: 106.0 ± 15.8 kJ

Post 24 h:

+1.0% (g=0.06)

Monedero and Donne, 2000 [41] 18 (18/0),

competitive cyclists

Endurance:

5 km cycling TT

0 min 15 min manual massage (legs), certified masseur 5 min Endurance:

5 km cycling TT

Baseline:

MAS: 379.0 ± 17.8 s

CON: 379.0 ± 19.1 s

Post 20 min:

MAS: 386.7 sc

CON: 388.9 sc

Post 20 min:

+0.6% (g=0.11)

Rinder and Sutherland, 1995 [56] 20 (13/7),

untrained

Mixed:

Leg extensions, cycling and ski squats until exhaustion

0 min 6 min manual massage (legs), no information provided on therapist experience 0 min Endurance:

Maximum number of leg extensions at 50% 1RM

Baseline:

MAS: 30.8 ± 7.1

CON: 28.3 ± 6.5

Post 6 min:

MAS: 31.9 ± 8.0

CON: 25.0 ± 7.7

Post 6 min:

+15.2% (g=0.62)

 

Jump performance:

 

Study Subjects (male/ female) Exercise to provoke exhaustion Time between exercise and massage Massage intervention Time between exercise and massage Performance measurement Pre-test score (mean ± standard deviation) Post-test score (mean ± standard deviation) Effects
Delextrat et al., 2012 [37] 16 (8/8),

competitive basketball players

Endurance:

25 min basketball match

0 min 30 min manual massage (legs), qualified massage therapist with five years experience as a sports massage practitioner 24 h Jump:

CMJ height

Baseline men:

MAS: 49.6 ± 5.4 cm

CON: 49.6 ± 5.4 cm

Baseline women:

MAS: 34.5 ± 2.5 cm

CON: 34.5 ± 2.5 cm

 

Post 24 h men:

MAS: 48.6 ± 7.5 cm

CON: 46.3 ± 4.8 cm

Post 24 h women:

MAS: 32.2 ± 2.5 cm

CON: 31.5 ± 2.7 cm

 

Post 24 h:

+3.3% (g=0.31)

Farr et al., 2002 [39] 8 (8/0),

active

Endurance:

40 min downhill walk

2 h 30 min manual massage (one leg, other leg as control), trained masseur 22 h

 

 

70 h

 

 

118 h

 

Jump:

Vertical jump height (% of baseline)

Baseline:

MAS: 100%

CON: 100%

 

Post 24 h:

MAS: 84.5 ± 10.3%

CON: 88.5 ± 10.7%

Post 72 h:

MAS: 91.7 ± 13.2%

CON: 90.0 ± 12.4%

Post 120 h:

MAS: 95.3 ± 12.4%

CON: 95.0 ± 9.9%

Post 24 h:

–4.0% (g=–0.33)

 

Post 72 h:

+1.6% (g=0.11)

 

Post 120 h:

+0.3% (g=0.02)

Jönhagen et al., 2004 [38] 16 (8/8),

active

Strength:

300 eccentric quadriceps contractions

10 min 3×12 min manual massage (one leg, other leg a control), repeated daily, experienced sport physical therapist 0 min Jump:

1-leg long jump

Baseline:

MAS: 160.2 ± 24.2 cm

CON: 158.2 ± 24.1 cm

Post 48 h:

MAS: 156.6 ± 26.5 cm

CON: 154.4 ± 23.7 cm

Post 48 h:

+0.2% (g=0.01)

Mancinelli et al., 2006 [36] 11+11 a (0/22),

competitive basketball/ volleyball players

Mixed:

3 days intense strength training and drills

0 min 17 min manual massage (legs), licensed massage therapist with 3 years of experience as general massage practitioner 3 min Jump:

Vertical jump height

Baseline:

MAS: 45.8 ± 4.7 cm

CON: 49.9 ± 5.7 cm

Post 20 min:

MAS: 46.2 ± 3.1 cm

CON: 48.1 ± 5.1 cm

Post 20 min:

+4.5% (g=0.41)

Sprint performance:

 

Study Subjects (male/ female) Exercise to provoke exhaustion Time between exercise and massage Massage intervention Time between exercise and massage Performance measurement Pre-test score (mean ± standard deviation) Post-test score (mean ± standard deviation) Effects
Ali Rasooli et al., 2012 [44] 17 (17/0),

competitive swimmers

Endurance:

200 m swimming

0 min 10 min manual massage (whole body), masseur 0 min Sprint:

200 m swimming

Baseline:

MAS: 146 ± 14 s

CON: 147 ± 14 s

Post 10 min:

MAS: 149 ± 12 s

CON: 156 ± 14 s

Post 10 min:

+4.3% (g=0.44)

Delextrat et al., 2012 [37] 16 (8/8),

competitive basketball players

Endurance:

25 min basketball match

0 min 30 min manual massage (legs), qualified massage therapist with five years experience as a sports massage practitioner 24 h Sprint:

10×30 m time

Baseline men:

MAS: 58.5 ± 2.9 s

CON: 58.5 ± 2.9 s

Baseline women:

MAS: 63.5 ± 2.4 s

CON: 63.5 ± 2.4 s

Post 24 h men:

MAS: 58.5 ± 2.3 s

CON: 57.8 ± 1.8 s

Baseline women:

MAS: 64.1 ± 2.3 s

CON: 64.5 ± 3.0 s

Post 24 h:

–0.3% (g=–0.03)

Mancinelli et al., 2006 [36] 11+11 a (0/22),

competitive basketball/ volleyball players

Mixed:

3 days intense strength training and drills

0 min 17 min manual massage (legs), licensed massage therapist with 3 years of experience as general massage practitioner 3 min Sprint:

Shuttle run (30 m)

Baseline:

MAS: 8.03 ± 0.59 s

CON: 7.92 ± 0.56 s

Post 20 min:

MAS: 7.97 ± 0.39 s

CON: 8.22 ± 0.71 s

Post 20 min:

+4.5% (g=0.60)

Ogai et al., 2008 [46] 11 (0/11),

active

Sprint:

3 min intermittent cycling sprint

5 min 10 min manual massage (legs), skilled and experienced therapist 20 min Sprint:

3 min intermittent cycling sprint

Baseline:

MAS: 15.72 ± 1.96 kJ

CON: 15.85 ± 2.45 kJ

Post 35 min:

MAS: 16.23 ± 2.18 kJ

CON: 15.70 ± 2.25 kJ

Post 35 min:

+4.2% (g=0.28)

Strength performance:

 

Study Subjects (male/ female) Exercise to provoke exhaustion Time between exercise and massage Massage intervention Time between exercise and massage Performance measurement Pre-test score (mean ± standard deviation) Post-test score (mean ± standard deviation) Effects
Dawson et al., 2004 [53] 12 (8/4),

competitive runners

Endurance:

Half-marathon race

0 min 4×30 min manual massage (one leg, other leg as control), repeated after each post-test, registered massage therapist trained in sports massage 24 h

 

 

 

 

 

72 h

 

 

 

 

 

96 h

 

 

 

 

 

72 h

Strength:

Quadriceps/ hamstrings peak torque

Baseline quadriceps:

MAS: 2.2 ± 0.5 Nm/kg

CON: 2.2 ± 0.5 Nm/kg

Baseline hamstrings:

MAS: 1.4 ± 0.2 Nm/kg

CON: 1.3 ± 0.1 Nm/kg

 

Post 24 h quadriceps:

MAS: 2.1 ± 0.5 Nm/kg

CON: 2.1 ± 0.5 Nm/kg

Post 24 h hamstrings:

MAS: 1.5 ± 0.2 Nm/kg

CON: 1.4 ± 0.1 Nm/kg

Post 96 h quadriceps:

MAS: 2.2 ± 0.5 Nm/kg

CON: 2.1 ± 0.5 Nm/kg

Post 96 h hamstrings:

MAS: 1.4 ± 0.2 Nm/kg

CON: 1.4 ± 0.1 Nm/kg

Post 192 h quadriceps:

MAS: 2.2 ± 0.4 Nm/kg

CON: 2.2 ± 0.4 Nm/kg

Post 192 h hamstrings:

MAS: 1.4 ± 0.1 Nm/kg

CON: 1.4 ± 0.2 Nm/kg

Post 264 h quadriceps:

MAS: 2.2 ± 0.4 Nm/kg

CON: 2.2 ± 0.5 Nm/kg

Post 264 h hamstrings:

MAS: 1.4 ± 0.2 Nm/kg

CON: 1.4 ± 0.2 Nm/kg

Post 24 h:

–0.3% (g=0.00)

 

 

 

 

Post 96 h:

–1.6% (g=–0.18)

 

 

 

 

Post 192 h:

–3.8% (g=–0.28)

 

 

 

 

Post 264 h:

–3.8% (g=–0.28)

Farr et al., 2002 [39] 8 (8/0),

active

Endurance:

40 min downhill walk

2 h 30 min manual massage (one leg, other leg as control), trained masseur 22 h

 

 

 

 

 

70 h

 

 

 

 

 

118 h

Strength:

Knee extensor isometric and isokinetic (60°/s) strength (% of baseline)

Baseline isometric:

MAS: 100%

CON: 100%

Baseline isokinetic:

MAS: 100%

CON: 100%

Post 24 h isometric:

MAS: 99.2 ± 10.0%

CON: 92.4 ± 8.0%

Post 24 h isokinetic:

MAS: 95.8 ± 9.8%

CON: 92.7 ± 12.5%

Post 72 h isometric:

MAS: 103.1 ± 9.0%

CON: 100.8 ± 10.5%

Post 72 h isokinetic:

MAS: 99.4 ± 9.3%

CON: 101.2 ± 12.0%

Post 120 h isometric:

MAS: 104.1 ± 3.0%

CON: 103.5 ± 11.6%

Post 120 h isokinetic:

MAS: 102.5 ± 9.8%

CON:100.6 ± 11.4%

Post 24 h:

+5.0% (g=0.46)

 

 

 

 

Post 72 h:

+0.3% (g=0.03)

 

 

 

 

Post 120 h:

+2.3% (g=0.23)

Hemmings et al., 2000 [34] 8 (8/0),

competitive boxers

Endurance:

5×2 min boxing (400 punches total)

0 min 20 min manual massage (whole body), qualified sports massage therapist 40 min Strength:

Punching force

Baseline:

MAS: 1265 ± 200 N

CON: 1236 ± 240 N

Post 1 h:

MAS: 1241 ± 189 N

CON: 1214 ± 242 N

Post 1 h:

–0.1% (g=–0.01)

Hilbert et al., 2003 [40] 9+9a (?/?b),

untrained

Strength:

6×10 eccentric hamstring contractions

2 h 20 min manual massage (leg), senior physical therapy student 4 h

 

 

22 h

 

 

46 h

Strength:

Hamstrings peak torque

Baseline:

MAS: 144.7 ± 49.2 Nm

CON: 154.4 ± 42.1 Nm

Post 6 h:

MAS: 115.5 ± 36.7 Nm

CON: 128.7 ± 44.8 Nm

Post 24 h:

MAS: 110.2 ± 36.7 Nm

CON: 119.2 ± 46.3 Nm

Post 48 h:

MAS: 115.8 ± 38.2 Nm

CON: 120.9 ± 44.8 Nm

Post 6 h:

–3.5% (g=–0.07)

 

Post 24 h:

–1.0% (g=0.01)

 

Post 48 h:

+1.7% (g=0.10)

Jönhagen et al., 2004 [38] 16 (8/8),

active

Strength:

300 eccentric quadriceps contractions

10 min 3×12 min manual massage (one leg, other leg a control), repeated daily, experienced sport physical therapist 0 min Strength:

Quadriceps isokinetic strength

Baseline:

MAS: 100.7 ± 21.9 Nm

CON: 101.3 ± 22.6 Nm

Post 48 h:

MAS: 88.8 ± 25.5 Nm

CON: 86.0 ± 26.9 Nm

Post 48 h:

+3.3% (g=0.15)

Sykaras et al., 2003 [42] 12 (0/12),

competitive Tae Kwon Do athletes

Strength:

6×10 concentric/ eccentric quadriceps contractions

0 min 6×2 min manual massage (legs), performed after each exercise set, experienced therapist 3 min Strength:

Quadriceps concentric and eccentric peak torque

Baseline concentric:

MAS: 128.66 ± 20.80 Nm

CON: 128.08 ± 21.39 Nm

Baseline eccentric:

MAS: 197.66 ± 29.80 Nm

CON: 198.83 ± 28.57 Nm

Post 5 min concentric:

MAS: 105.41 ± 21.60 Nm

CON: 93.16 ± 25.12 Nm

Post 5 min eccentric:

MAS: 172.25 ± 32.17 Nm

CON: 135.58 ± 29.5 Nm

Post 5 min:

+14.1% (g=0.86)

Tiidus and Shoemaker, 1995 [43] 9 (4/5),

untrained

Strength:

7×20 eccentric quadriceps contractions

1 h 4×10 min manual massage (one leg, other leg as control), repeated daily, registered massage therapist 23 h

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

23 h

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

23 h

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

23 h

Strength:

Quadriceps peak torque at 0°/s, 60°/s and 180°/s (% of baseline)

Baseline 0°/s:

MAS: 100%

CON: 100%

Baseline 60°/s:

MAS: 100%

CON: 100%

Baseline 180°/s:

MAS: 100%

CON: 100%

Post 24 h 0°/s:

MAS: 70.7 ± 18.0%

CON: 73.1 ± 14.5%

Post 24 h 60°/s:

MAS: 68.6 ± 17.3%

CON: 65.1 ± 23.5%

Post 24 h 180°/s:

MAS: 69.8 ± 15.1%

CON: 62.2 ± 32.3%

Post 48 h 0°/s:

MAS: 75.4 ± 24.2%

CON: 75.4 ± 30.4%

Post 48 h 60°/s:

MAS: 69.2 ± 24.2%

CON: 65.7 ± 29.0%

Post 48 h 180°/s:

MAS: 63.9 ± 23.3%

CON: 62.2 ± 31.6%

Post 72 h 0°/s:

MAS: 80.5 ± 23.5%

CON: 79.6 ± 36.6%

Post 72 h 60°/s:

MAS: 75.6 ± 16.6%

CON: 70.0 ± 24.9%

Post 72 h 180°/s:

MAS: 70.6 ± 13.7%

CON: 68.3 ± 39.8%

Post 96 h 0°/s:

MAS: 80.5 ± 19.3%

CON: 80.5 ± 32.5%

Post 96 h 60°/s:

MAS: 77.0 ± 16.6%

CON: 70.3 ± 25.6%

Post 96 h 180°/s:

MAS: 68.9 ± 13.7%

CON: 59.0 ± 20.6%

Post 24 h:

+2.9% (g=0.10)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Post 48 h:

+1.7% (g=0.06)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Post 72 h:

+2.9% (g=0.11)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Post 96 h:

+5.5% (g=0.26)

Weber et al., 1994 [47] 10+10 a (0/20),

untrained

Strength:

Eccentric elbow contraction until exhaustion

0 min 8 min manual massage (arm), no information provided on therapist experience 24 h

 

 

 

 

 

48 h

Strength:

Elbow flexor MVIC and peak torque at 60°/s

Baseline MVIC:

MAS: 41.0 ± 5.9 Nm

CON: 41.0 ± 6.1 Nm

Baseline peak torque:

MAS: 25.5 ± 3.7 Nm

CON: 26.3 ± 4.3 Nm

Post 24 h MVIC:

MAS: 29.6 ± 7.6 Nm

CON: 27.7 ± 4.4 Nm

Post 24 h peak torque:

MAS: 19.1 ± 4.7 Nm

CON: 17.4 ± 2.3 Nm

Post 48 h MVIC:

MAS: 30.2 ± 7.3 Nm

CON: 28.2 ± 6.3 Nm

Post 48 peak torque:

MAS: 19.7 ± 5.3 Nm

CON: 16.1 ± 3.9 Nm

Post 24 h:

+6.7% (g=0.45)

 

 

 

 

Post 48 h:

+10.5% (g=0.68)

Young et al., 2005 [55] 12 (12/0),

untrained

Strength:

1 min MVIC of thumb adductors

0 min 5 min manual massage (hand), experienced osteopath 0 min Strength:

Thumb adductor isometric strength

Baseline:

MAS: 58.53 ± 16.04 N

CON: 56.77 ± 13.95 N

Post 5 min:

MAS: 55.34 ± 16.01 N

CON: 54.71 ± 15.01 N

Post 5 min:

–1.8% (g=–0.07)

Zainuddin et al., 2005 [25] 10 (5/5),

untrained

Strength:

10×6 eccentric elbow flexor contractions

3 h 10 min manual massage (one arm, other arm as control), professional masseuse who had been working for an Australian football club for several years 21 h

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

45 h

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

69 h

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

93 h

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

165 h

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

237 h

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

333 h

Strength:

Elbow peak torque at 0°/s (% of baseline), 30°/s and 300°/s

Baseline 0°/s:

MAS: 100%

CON: 100%

Baseline 30°/s:

MAS: 25.6 ± 13.9 Nm

CON: 25.8 ± 15.2 Nm

Baseline 300°/s:

MAS: 19.3 ± 13.3 Nm

CON: 19.8 ± 13.3 Nm

Post 24 h 0°/s:

MAS: 63.1 ± 19.0%

CON: 64.1 ± 21.5%

Post 24 h 30°/s:

MAS: 18.9 ± 13.9 Nm

CON: 14.8 ± 8.9 Nm

Post 24 h 300°/s:

MAS: 13.9 ± 12.3 Nm

CON: 14.5 ± 9.2 Nm

Post 48 h 0°/s:

MAS: 63.8 ± 21.5%

CON: 65.2 ± 19.9%

Post 48 h 30°/s:

MAS: 19.5 ± 12.3 Nm

CON: 16.0 ± 7.9 Nm

Post 48 h 300°/s:

MAS: 15.2 ± 11.7 Nm

CON: 15.0 ± 10.8 Nm

Post 72 h 0°/s:

MAS: 71.1 ± 19.0%

CON: 73.5 ± 21.5%

Post 72 h 30°/s:

MAS: 21.0 ± 14.2 Nm

CON: 19.0 ± 12.3 Nm

Post 72 h 300°/s:

MAS: 17.2 ± 11.7 Nm

CON: 14.2 ± 10.1 Nm

Post 96 h 0°/s:

MAS: 78.0 ± 25.6%

CON: 69.9 ± 25.0%

Post 96 h 30°/s:

MAS: 23.0 ± 13.6 Nm

CON: 20.2 ± 13.3 Nm

Post 96 h 300°/s:

MAS: 16.7 ± 12.3 Nm

CON: 14.8 ± 10.4 Nm

Post 168 h 0°/s:

MAS: 82.7 ± 29.1%

CON: 79.8 ± 30.7%

Post 168 h 30°/s:

MAS: 23.1 ± 12.3 Nm

CON: 21.6 ± 13.0 Nm

Post 168 h 300°/s:

MAS: 17.0 ± 13.0 Nm

CON: 16.2 ± 11.4 Nm

Post 240 h 0°/s:

MAS: 95.0 ± 25.6%

CON: 90.8 ± 19.9%

Post 240 h 30°/s:

MAS: 25.7 ± 13.3 Nm

CON: 22.2 ± 13.0 Nm

Post 240 h 300°/s:

MAS: 19.4 ± 13.0 Nm

CON: 19.2 ± 11.1 Nm

Post 336 h 0°/s:

MAS: 97.9 ± 30.7%

CON: 94.8 ± 19.0%

Post 336 h 30°/s:

MAS: 25.4 ± 14.9 Nm

CON: 23.3 ± 14.2 Nm

Post 336 h 300°/s:

MAS: 18.3 ± 11.4 Nm

CON: 18.1 ± 11.7 Nm

Post 24 h:

+4.8% (g=0.07)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Post 48 h:

+5.3% (g=0.07)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Post 72 h:

+7.8% (g=0.09)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Post 96 h:

+10.5% (g=0.22)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Post 168 h:

+5.2% (g=0.09)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Post 240 h:

+7.4% (g=0.15)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Post 336 h:

+5.1% (g=0.10)

Automated massage:

 

Study Subjects (male/ female) Exercise to provoke exhaustion Time between exercise and massage Massage intervention Time between exercise and massage Performance measurement Pre-test score (mean ± standard deviation) Post-test score (mean ± standard deviation) Effects
Cafarelli et al., 1990 [23] 12 (12/0),

active

Strength:

Quadriceps MVC until exhaustion

0 min 2×4 min vibration massage (legs), separated by performance test 1 min

 

 

1 min

Strength:

Quadriceps MVC during exercise (% of MVC superimposed by electrical stimulation)

Baseline:

MAS: 96 ± 21%

CON: 96 ± 21%

Post 5 min:

MAS: 89 ± 24%

CON: 86 ± 21%

Post 10 min:

MAS: 87 ± 24%

CON: 83 ± 21%

Post 5 min:

±0.0% (g=–0.01)

 

Post 10 min:

+1.2% (g=0.01)

Edge et al., 2009 [9] 9 (9/0),

competitive runners

Endurance:

3 km TT, 8×400 m (running)

0 min 30 min vibration massage (whole body) 24 h Endurance:

3 km running TT

Baseline:

MAS: 683 ± 43 s

CON: 684 ± 33 s

Post 24 h:

MAS: 695 ± 45 s

CON: 695 ± 41 s

Post 24 h:

–0.2% (g=–0.03)

Lau and Nosaka, 2011 [24] 15 (15/0),

untrained

Strength:

10×6 eccentric elbow contractions

30 min 5×30 min vibration massage (upper body), repeated daily for a total of 5 days 30 min

 

 

24 h

 

 

48 h

 

 

72 h

 

 

96 h

 

 

120 h

 

 

168 h

Strength:

Elbow isometric strength (% of baseline)

Baseline:

MAS: 100%

CON: 100%

Post 1 h:

MAS: 59.2 ± 14.0%

CON: 54.3 ± 14.0%

Post 24 h:

MAS: 75.1 ± 18.9%

CON: 66.4 ± 14.7%

Post 48 h:

MAS: 79.6 ±13.6%

CON: 73.2 ± 13.6%

Post 72 h:

MAS: 84.9 ± 8.7%

CON: 80.4 ± 13.6%

Post 96 h:

MAS: 90.9 ± 12.5%

CON: 84.2 ± 13.6%

Post 120 h:

MAS: 88.7 ± 12.1%

CON: 92.1 ± 14.3%

Post 168 h:

MAS: 99.2 ± 13.2%

CON: 97.7 ± 14.3%

Post 1 h:

+4.9% (g=0.33)

 

Post 24 h:

+8.7% (g=0.49)

 

Post 48 h:

+6.4% (g=0.44)

 

Post 72 h:

+4.5% (g=0.37)

 

Post 96 h:

+6.7% (g=0.48)

 

Post 120 h:

–3.4% (g=–0.24)

 

Post 168 h:

+1.5% (g=0.10)

Viitasalo et al., 1995 [10] 14 (8/6),

competitive track and field athletes

Mixed:

5 intensive training sessions in 3 days (strength, technique, jump, strength, speed)

30 min 3×20 min warm underwater water-jet massage (whole body), repeated daily 12 h

 

 

 

 

 

20 h

 

 

 

 

 

36 h

 

 

 

 

 

 

12 h

 

 

20 h

 

 

36 h

Jump:

Drop and rebound jump height

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Strength:

Leg extensor isometric strength

Baseline drop jump:

MAS: 36 ± 7 cm

CON: 36 ± 6 cm

Baseline rebound jump:

MAS: 44 ± 7 cm

CON: 45 ± 6 cm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Baseline:

MAS: 3555 ± 907 N

CON: 3463 ± 940 N

Post 12 h drop jump:

MAS: 34 ± 5 cm

CON: 32 ± 6 cm

Post 12 h rebound jump:

MAS: 45 ± 7 cm

CON: 43 ± 7 cm

Post 20 h drop jump:

MAS: 35 ± 6 cm

CON: 34 ± 6 cm

Post 20 h rebound jump:

MAS: 43 ± 7 cm

CON: 50 ± 7 cm

Post 36 h drop jump:

MAS: 33 ± 5 cm

CON: 32 ± 7 cm

Post 36 h rebound jump:

MAS: 44 ± 6 cm

CON: 43 ± 7 cm

 

Post 12 h:

MAS: 3991 ± 909 N

CON: 3293 ± 839 N

Post 20 h:

MAS: 3345 ± 979 N

CON: 3362 ± 837 N

Post 36 h:

MAS: 3406 ± 929 N

CON: 3391 ± 892 N

Post 12 h:

+6.1% (g=0.36)

 

 

 

 

Post 20 h:

–5.3% (g=–0.36)

 

 

 

 

Post 36 h:

+3.6% (g=0.22)

 

 

 

 

 

Post 12 h:

+17.2% (g=0.62)

 

Post 20 h:

–3.0% (g=–0.11)

 

Post 36 h:

–2.1% (g=–0.08)

Zelikovski et al, 1993 [35] 11 (11/0),

active

Endurance:

Cycling at 80% VO2peak until exhaustion

0 min 20 min pneumatic massage (legs) 0 min Endurance:

Time to exhaustion during cycling exercise protocol

Baseline:

MAS: 10.9 ± 0.8 min

CON: 11.6 ± 1.0 min

Post 20 min:

MAS: 8.7 ± 0.8 min

CON: 6.4 ± 0.7 min

Post 20 min:

+24.6% (g=3.06)

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About the author

Alejandro Ocaña

Soy Alejandro Ocaña, estudie en la NSCA para Preparador Físico CSCS. El principal lema de la NSCA es “Bridging the gap between science and application” (reduciendo la distancia entre la ciencia y su aplicación), su compromiso es el de contribuir a que la labor de entrenadores/preparadores físicos se ajuste lo máximo posible a los avances científicos y a los últimos estándares de calidad y seguridad. Posteriormente, me he especializado en Nutrición clínica/deportiva. Gracias a Athletes Performance, al Máster en Alto Rendimiento del Comité Olímpico Español y a la maestría de nutrición clínica deportiva, pude perfeccionar y ampliar mis conocimientos sobre nutrición y distintas metodologías de entreno. Durante toda mi vida me ha encantado el deporte, he practicado de todo tipo, Pádel, Tenis, Rugby, hubo una época que me dio por el Boxeo y el Taekwondo, luego Natación, pero empecé a disfrutar del deporte y de alto rendimiento con la Gimnasia deportiva, a la que me estuve dedicando durante varios años con gran entusiasmo. A día de hoy, me dedico a Crossfit ® de manera profesional, a la vez que sigo ampliando mis conocimientos.

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